Id Ul Fitr (or Eid as it is commonly called) is considered to be most significant event of the Muslim calendar. The entire Indian Muslim community celebrates this great festival with a lot of gaiety. Eid is the festival that marks the end of the holy month of Ramzan.
The festival is usually celebrated on the first new moon night, following the holy month (usually April or May). According to the Muslim calendar, Ramzan is the ninth month, and according to the widely believed legend, the Quran was revealed on this month. Hence, this month is considered to be the holiest month of the Muslim calendar.
Muslims in India observe a fast throughout the day, all throughout the holy month of Ramzan, and special prayers are offered as a part of the celebrations that make up this festival. This fast can only be broken at night, when Muslims are allowed to eat and drink.
All forms of entertainment and festivities are barred during this auspicious month, and one is required to completely dedicate his self to the almighty (Allah). Besides this, special prayers at prescribed times have to be offered throughout the month as a symbol of one’s dedication to god!
Beliefs that drive an entire religion
The ideology that drives Muslims to fast is the fact that Muslims believe fasting ensures greater self control. This also means that, they get closer to allah, purifying one’s soul. Hence, fasting is observed by nearly every Muslim in India, as well as the entire world.
Eid is considered by Muslims as a time for festivity that symbolizes the joy and happiness for women and men, who abide by the doctrines required by the Islamic religion. Daily prayers during the day of this month consists of reading out exerts from the holy Quran (known as namaz), While night is the time when Muslims are allowed to consume food with their near and dear ones.
Muslims from every strata of the Indian community come together on this day, making it all the more special. On the day of the Eid, Muslims in India wear new clothes, exchange greetings, sweets, food (specially prepared for the grand occasion). Sweetened milk (kheer) is one of the delicacies that are prepared by the women in every household on this auspicious day.
These, among many other items are exchanged to show their hospitality towards each other, and the society as a whole. Charity is also an integral part of this festival, and its rituals. Affluent households sometimes donate cash and kinds to the poor and the underprivileged.