The Republic of India or Bhrat Gaarjya in Hindi, is a country in the South Asia region. By geographical area, India is the seventh largest country. In terms of population, it is the second largest. But who knows when they will beat China who tops the largest population in the world?
India is bounded by three big bodies of water, the Arabian Sea on the west, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean on the south. India features more than 7,000 kilometers of coastline.
Neighboring countries include Pakistan to its west; China, Bhutan, and Nepal to north east; Bangladesh and Burma to the east; and Indonesia, Maldives, and Sri Lanka by the south.
If you’d like to travel to India, here are a few great monuments to know about….
Monumental Heritage of India
India has always been known for its monumental heritage. There are many famous monuments in India that include forts, palaces, temples, mosques, churches and more. These monuments are known for their superb architecture and historical pasts.
The mind blowing and unique architecture of the cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa gave a start to the era of architecture in India. The great architecture in India is not just given by one but it is influenced from its various rulers be it Hindus, Muslims or British.
There are some earlier architectural forms like The Great Bath, the Assembly Hall and the Drainage System which are still known for their great architecture and marvelous beauty.
British Style of Architecture
British style of architecture was totally different from Hindus and Muslims. They gave emphasis on various architectural styles such as Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian.
The Rajabai Tower at Mumbai, Victoria Memorial at Calcutta and Law Courts at Chennai are some of the architectures given by British. Also the layout of cities like New Delhi and Chandigarh symbolizes the British colonial structure in India.
Religious and Spiritual Monuments
There are many religious and spiritual monuments in India that are a sign of Hindu architecture. It is often seen that Hindu architecture mostly concentrates on religious and spiritual aspects.
We have some Hindu Architectures like Khajuraho Temples, Jain shrines at Dilwara, Jagannath Temple at Puri, Konark Sun Temple and Kailashnath Temple at Ellora which are famous not only in India but all over the world.
Just as Hindus, Muslims have also given some brilliant monument to India. The invasion of Muslims in India brought about a tremendous change in the architectural form. They gave emphasis to the features like arches, tombs, mosques, minarets and more. Qutub Minar, Taj mahal, Jama Masjid are some of the monument gifts given by the Muslim invasions to India.
Most Famous Monuments Of India List and Information
India is a commercial and cultural wealth. Today, economic reforms have helped the country to become the second fastest growing large economy.
India is having a treasure of thousands of monuments. This treasure of unique master pieces is given by five thousand years of Indian History. Each monument has a history, mystery, intrigue and romance behind its building.
Monuments in India do not belong to just one religion but we have the treasure of monuments belonging to all religions like Hindus, Buddhist, Muslims and Christians.
Among those attractions listed on the World Heritage list includes:
- Agra Fort,
- Ajanta Caves,
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi,
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus),
- Churches and Convents of Goa,
- Elephanta Caves,
- Ellora Caves,
- Fatehpur Sikri,
- Great Living Chola Temples,
- Group of Monuments at Hampi,
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram,
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal,
- Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi,
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments,
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya,
- Mountain Railways of India,
- Qutub Minar and its Monuments in Delhi,
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka,
- Sun Temple, Konârak,
The Taj Mahal is one of the premier attractions in the country. In fact, it is the most visited in India. It can be found in the region of Agra. Your trip won’t be complete without visiting the Taj Mahal.
Aside from that, Agra Fort is also an important place to add to your itinerary. It’s just a mere 2 kilometers from Taj Mahal so make sure you drop by too. If you’d like to admire great Indian architectures, there’s the Fatehpur Sikri.
Another popular tourist spot is the Lal Quila or Red Fort Delhi. The popular mosque to visit while in Delhi is Jaamaa Masjid.
One should definitely visit monuments of India that forms a great heritage of the country and reflects the culture of yore days.
Travelers from all over the world visit India just to see the architecture and miraculous beauty of these historical monuments whether it is Taj Mahal or Khajuraho Temple. Here they get to see the diversity of culture and heritage for which India is known all over the world.