India is a land of colors and diversities and it is a country which stands apart from the rest of the world because of its rich culture, tradition, people, unity and much much more.
National symbols of India create the entity which is a pride and prestige of the whole country. These national symbols enable India to stand out from the whole world and reflect its richness, prosperity and glow.
The original sculpture has four lions on a pillar with an elephant, horse, bull, and lion separated by a lotus on the base. This National Symbol was adopted as a national emblem on January 26, 1950 by the Indian Government.
The official symbol represents three of the four lions with the Dharma Chakra in the center of the base and a bull and horse on either side.
The base also has “Satyameva Jayate” engraved on representing a strong idea for the Indian people i.e. “Truth alone triumphs”.
National Animal and Bird of India
The beautiful bird Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus) is the national bird of India. The beautiful bird is a symbol of pride, grace and beauty and is also included in the Indian mythology and folk stories.
The bird is about the size of swan, with a long neck and a fan-shaped array of feathers. Male Peacock is a bright colored, with a blue fronts and green bronze feathers while a peahen or female peacock is brown in color.
National animal of India is Tiger, officially known as Panthera Tigris. It has a thick bright yellow colored fur coat with dark stripes on its skin. Tiger is a symbol of power, strength and grace.
Unfortunately the beautiful animal is now a days killed for its popular and beautiful skin. To protect this National animal and to balance its population, the Indian government launched “Project Tiger” in 1973 which is also supported by the World Wildlife Federation.
National Flower, Fruit and Tree of India
The lotus (Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn) is the official flower of India. The beautiful flower is a symbol of long life, honor, and good fortune. The flower is rooted in a mud and yet can successfully re-germinate for thousands of years and looks beautiful and pure. The flower is also used in various religious practices and is very significant for Hindus.
Banyan Tree (officially known as Ficus bengalensis) is considered as a National Tree of India. This tree is considered as immortal because of its long life and characteristics of branching their roots themselves like new trees over a large area. Even today, it is the focal point of village life and the village council meets under this tree.
Mango is the National Fruit of India and is available in 100’s of varieties according to their colors, taste, sizes and shape. This fruit is one of the most loved seasonal fruit of India and are commonly found in the tropical parts of the world. They are the rich source of Vitamin A,C and D.