Qutub Minar is one of the most renowned monuments of India that is also one of the most famous historical monuments of India. Qutub-Minar in red and buff sandstone is the only highest tower in India that is known for its beauty, art and architecture. It is one unarguable one of among the India’s Pride.
Where is Qutub Minar Located
Qutub Minar is sitting at the south of Delhi and comprises of five storeys. The foundation of this monument of India was first laid by Qutub- ud- Din Aibak of Slave dynesty in A.D. 1199. The Minar was build for the use of mu’azzin (crier) to give calls for prayer. During his rule the first storey of Qutub Minar was raised. Three more storeys were added to this Minar by his successor and son- in- law, Shams- ud- Din Itutmish.
The structure of Qutub Minar is so designed that it is single piece of its kind in the whole world. All the storeys are surrounded by a projected balcony that encircles the Minar of this Indian monument. These are supported by stone brackets decorated with honey comb design. The structure of Qutub Minar has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top and it has a height of 72.5m.
Important Monuments of Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar is one of the historical monuments of India whose complex has number of other monuments such as gateway, the Alai Darwaza, Quwwat- ul- Islam Mosque, the tombs of Altamish, Ala- ud- din Khalji and Imam Zamin, the Alai Minar and a 7m high Iron Pillar.
The Indian monument, Quwwat- ul- Islam Mosque which is to the north east of Minar was built by Qutub- ud- Din Aibek in A.D. 1198. The Mosque build by the Delhi Sultans was the earliest extant- mosque. This beautiful structure consists of a rectangular courtyard enclosed by cloisters, erected with the carved columns and architectural members of 27 Hindu and Jaina temples.
Some years later, a lofty arched screen was erected by Shams- ud- Din Itutmish and Ala- ud- Din Khalji. They even enlarged the mosque. There was build an Iron Pillar in the courtyard that bears an inscription in Sanskrit. It is believed that the pillar was set up as a Vishnudhvaja which is the standard of God Vishnu. It is on the hill known as Vishnupada and was made in the memory of a mighty king named Chandra.
There is another monument of India which is known as tomb of Iltutmish and was built in A.D. 1235. This tomb is a plain square chamber of red sandstone. It is beautifully and profusely carved with inscriptions, geometrical and arabesque patterns in Saracenic tradition on the entrances and also the whole of interior.
There is also an Alai- Darwaza which is the southern gateway of the Quwwat- ul- Islam mosque. There are inscriptions engraved on it which focuses of the fact that this darwaza was constructed by Ala- ud- Din Khalji in A.H.710. it is believed that this is the first building employing Islamic principles of construction and ornamentation.
Ala- ud- din Khalji, having the intension of making a Minar twice the size of Qutub Minar commenced Alai Minar. It stands to the north of Qutub Minar which is one of the historical monuments of India. Unfortunately, he could only complete the first storey, which is now having an extended height of 25m. Qutub complex is a large structure which also comprises of madrasa, graves, tombs, mosque and architectural members.
Three Day Qutub Festival
Qutub Minar being one of the historical monuments of India happens to be the tallest self supporting stone tower in the world. Various enlightening events take place here as a division of the Festival and are set in the middle of the Minar. During these events number of experienced persons of Indian classical music and also folk musicians give their magnificent and superb performances.
Tourists from all over the country and world participate in the three day Qutub Festival of dance and music commences which is placed at Qutub Minar. During this time the very tall monument of India wears a novel look. Number of local food stalls is placed within the compound of this historical monument of India which serves up local cuisine of Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and other northern states. These together add to the educational and artistic extravaganza.
The whole atmosphere of Qutub Minar is filled up with sweet music and superb classical dance performances during the three day Qutub festival. Classical dance performances like Kuchipudi, Odissi, Manipuri and many others, by well known artists from all over the country and amazing to watch.
There are Sarangi and Sitar performances that can captivate the audience present there while the performances of gazals and qawwalis puts an end of the festival. People who are in search of a glance of the artistic musical event that takes place in India, the three day Qutub festival is an interesting experience for them.